Obesity is a medical condition that occurs when a person has excess body fat that affects their health. A person has obesity if they have a high body mass index. It is a tool that doctors use to access to determine the exact weight for their sex, age and height. Obesity increases a person’s risk of many health problems counting high blood pressure, heart disease and diabetes.
Causes of obesity
As per the best dietitian in Delhi, Dt Sheela Seharawat, obesity occurs when people use to take more of the calories what is required. There are many factors that contribute to obesity which include
- Lack of sleep
- Lack of physical activity
- Taking many medications
- Over eating
Today’s modern culture contribute to obesity along with this over sized food portions, limited access to healthy food groups, easy access to fast foods and busy work schedules. There are many medical conditions also that lead to obesity such as Hypothyroidism, PCOS, Cushing syndrome and Prader.
Other health conditions related to obesity
Obesity increases the risk of many other severe health conditions, counting:
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
- Type 2 diabetes
- Sleep apnea
- Ceratin cancers
- Infertility or hormonal problems
Determining your BMI
Obese people need to focus on diet and exercise as too much weight can take a toll on your body, especially your heart health. There are many steps suggested by diet clinic experts that you can take to get healthier as losing a little weight can help you to stay fit. If a person is extremely obese, then losing weight means less heart disease, less cancer as well as less diabetes. As per best dietitians in India, a healthy BMI range between 17.5 to 25 kg/m2. In case your BMI is 40 or higher than this, you are considered as obese. BMI is generally used by doctors and dieticians to define severe obesity rather than a specific number of pounds or to set a weight limit.
Tips to follow when you are overweight
If a person is obese, it is important for him/her to take action to attain desired weight loss and to improve health. To start with, you should consult a diet clinic to treat extreme obesity. Bonding with a weight loss clinic is a key to get attained ideal weight and healthy life. Below are some tips suggested to treat extreme obesity
- Change in diet pattern
You should make a change in your diet patterns and to lose weight, you should reduce the number of calories you consume. Best dietitian in Delhi will help you with it. Mindful eating should be followed as it is a practice that obese people should pay attention too. It is necessary to create diets that are best for you as there are many diet types nowadays which dietician recommends as per your body requirements. Dietician suggests adding some specific foods to your diet if you are obese and which will help you to lose weight easily. Some foods are:
- Whole grains
- Lean protein
- Fruits and veggies
- Calcium-rich foods
- Avoid processed foods
- Regular physical activity
Adding physical activity to your daily routine will help you to reach about 10 percent of your weight loss goal instantly. Moving your body is the best way to lose weight. Best dietitian in Gurgaon recommends an adult should engage in 30 minutes of intense exercise for at least five days a week.
- Follow a food guide
Following a food guide is best for you and the diet will help you with this. It will encourage obese people to eat whole grains and foods that are rich in fiber and which will help you to feel full.
- Cut back on fats
Avoiding fat-rich foods is necessary to lose weight as even a small amount of fat has many calories. You should read labels before consuming any food items to keep a check on your calorie intake. Avoiding sweets and unhealthy snacks can also help you to lose weight, avoid eating cookies, cakes and candy. Also avoiding sugary drinks is also suggested by a dietician as they can add a lot of calories.
- Limiting fast food
Eating healthy is very important and avoiding fast food is what you should do. Consuming more of fast foods each week, the greater the risk of gaining extra pounds, so limit your intake of unhealthy foods to maintain a healthy weight.
- Stop eating when you are full
With some changes in habits, it impossible to lose weight successfully. It is essential to pay attention as you eat and stop when you feel full. Eating slowly will help you to lose weight as it will convey a message to your brain that you are full. Some people start eating when they feel bored or are upset. It is not a good option as you should choose to walk when you feel bored.
You don’t need a special diet to lose weight, but you need the proper and right mix of nutrients and energy as per your body requirement. Healthily losing weight is also important, and for this, you should follow some steps. Obesity should be considered as a disease or else an abnormal state. People should focus on diet and exercise to achieve a healthy weight and should adopt healthy habits. Consult diet clinic, as they will help you to make long term changes in eating patterns and exercise habits. Tracking your diet and exercise is must as you should be aware of what you eat and drink. Tracking your food intake and exercise is important as it will reveal your strengths and weaknesses.